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VPPEM Publications
R. Browning, Vector Potential Photoelectron Microscopy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 103703 (2011)  http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.
3648135

R. Browning, Spatial Resolution in Vector Potential Photoelectron Microscopy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 033705 (2014)  http://dx.
doi.org/10.1063/1.4868559

R. Browning, NEXAFS/XPS spectra, and information depth using low energy electron spectromicroscopy in a VPPEM, J. Elec.
Spectros. Relat. Phenom. 195, 125 (2014) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.elspec.2014.06.005

R. Browning, Vector potential photoelectron microscopy: hyperspectral image processing and super-resolution applied to
images of a Ca–Al alloy intermetallic phase distribution, Surface and Interface Analysis, 47; pages 63–76, (2015) DOI:
10.1002/sia.5667

R. Browning, Photoelectron Microscopy and HAXPES. In Hard X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (HAXPES). (ed. by  J.C.
Woicik) Springer Series in Surface Sciences 59, 533-554 Springer, Berlin (1015)

R. Browning, Enhanced spatial resolution in vector potential photoelectron microscopy. Journal of Microscopy (2017) DOI:
10.1111/jmi.12558
VPPEM
P. Pianetta, P.L. King, A. Borg, C. Kim, I. Lindau, G. Knappa, M. Keenlyside, R. Browning, Core level photoelectron
microscopy, J. Elec. Spectros. Relat. Phenom.,  52, 1990, pages 797–810 (1990) doi:10.1016/0368-2048(90)
85065-H
microXPS
P. L. King, R. Browning, P. Pianetta, I. Lindau, M. Keenlyside and G. Knapp, Image processing of
multispectral x‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy images,J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 7, 3301 (1989); http://dx.doi.
org/10.1116/1.576140
Definition of multivariate signal-to-noise
R. Browning, Multi-spectral Imaging in Materials Microanalysis Surf. Interface Anal., 20 495-505
(1993) DOI: 10.1002/sia.740200602